Somalia Population in 2020

Current Population in Somalia (live)

15,944,383

Births Today (live)

366

Births This Year (live)

406,939

Deaths Today (live)

91

Deaths This Year (live)

101,028

Net Migrations Today (live)

-16

Net Migrations This Year (live)

-18,250

Somalia Land Area

627,340 km2
(242,216 mi2

Population Density (/km2)

25.42 /km2
(9.81 /mi2

Overview on Population Growth in Somalia

Current Population in Somalia today, Monday, 10 August 2020 is 15,944,383 and is projected to reach 16,359,504 at 1 July 2021 according to United Nations data.

In Somalia, with a births rate equal to 40.89%, deaths rate equal to 10.94% and migration rate equal to -1.751%, the net population is expected to increase by about 466,282 this year, 2021 compared to the last year, 2020.

The migration rate in Somalia (-1.751%) is negative meaning that more people leave Somalia to be permanent residents (emigrants) in another country than people moving into it as permanent residents (immigrants) subtracting from the total population in Somalia.

In Somalia, a new baby is born every 47 seconds, one person dies every 3 minutes and 10 seconds.

Historical Population Estimates in Somalia

Date Total Population Females (%) Males (%) Population Growth Net Migration Migration Rate Fertility Rate Life Expectancy Birth Rate Death Rate
2020 15,893,222 7,969,132 (50.14%) 7,924,087 (49.86%) 2.829% -40,000 -2.694 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2019 15,442,905 7,742,710 (50.14%) 7,700,196 (49.86%) 2.829% -40,000 -2.694 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2018 15,008,226 7,524,126 (50.13%) 7,484,099 (49.87%) 2.829% -40,000 -2.694 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2017 14,589,179 7,313,307 (50.13%) 7,275,858 (49.87%) 2.829% -40,000 -2.694 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2016 14,185,636 7,110,142 (50.12%) 7,075,493 (49.88%) 2.829% -40,000 -2.694 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2015 13,797,201 6,914,348 (50.11%) 6,882,856 (49.89%) 2.718% -46,681 -3.613 6.61% 54.86 42.97 12.22
2014 13,423,568 6,725,759 (50.10%) 6,697,812 (49.90%) 2.718% -46,681 -3.613 6.61% 54.86 42.97 12.22
2013 13,063,701 6,543,908 (50.09%) 6,519,803 (49.91%) 2.718% -46,681 -3.613 6.61% 54.86 42.97 12.22
2012 12,715,503 6,367,763 (50.08%) 6,347,724 (49.92%) 2.718% -46,681 -3.613 6.61% 54.86 42.97 12.22
2011 12,376,301 6,196,100 (50.06%) 6,180,205 (49.94%) 2.718% -46,681 -3.613 6.61% 54.86 42.97 12.22
2010 12,043,883 6,027,843 (50.05%) 6,016,043 (49.95%) 2.845% -39,999 -3.557 7.10% 53.18 45.50 13.54
2009 11,717,692 5,862,723 (50.03%) 5,854,968 (49.97%) 2.845% -39,999 -3.557 7.10% 53.18 45.50 13.54
2008 11,397,188 5,700,490 (50.02%) 5,696,698 (49.98%) 2.845% -39,999 -3.557 7.10% 53.18 45.50 13.54
2007 11,080,121 5,540,083 (50.00%) 5,540,039 (50.00%) 2.845% -39,999 -3.557 7.10% 53.18 45.50 13.54
2006 10,763,905 5,380,307 (49.98%) 5,383,597 (50.02%) 2.845% -39,999 -3.557 7.10% 53.18 45.50 13.54
2005 10,446,863 5,220,385 (49.97%) 5,226,471 (50.03%) 3.267% 7.47% 51.49 47.50 14.90
2004 10,130,243 5,060,984 (49.96%) 5,069,267 (50.04%) 3.267% 7.47% 51.49 47.50 14.90
2003 9,815,412 4,902,742 (49.95%) 4,912,670 (50.05%) 3.267% 7.47% 51.49 47.50 14.90
2002 9,501,342 4,745,059 (49.94%) 4,756,276 (50.06%) 3.267% 7.47% 51.49 47.50 14.90
2001 9,186,725 4,587,168 (49.93%) 4,599,551 (50.07%) 3.267% 7.47% 51.49 47.50 14.90
2000 8,872,254 4,429,313 (49.92%) 4,442,937 (50.08%) 3.383% 7.70% 49.80 50.14 16.39
1999 8,553,601 4,269,277 (49.91%) 4,284,318 (50.09%) 3.383% 7.70% 49.80 50.14 16.39
1998 8,235,064 4,109,212 (49.90%) 4,125,852 (50.10%) 3.383% 7.70% 49.80 50.14 16.39
1997 7,936,127 3,958,877 (49.88%) 3,977,245 (50.12%) 3.383% 7.70% 49.80 50.14 16.39
1996 7,682,686 3,831,257 (49.87%) 3,851,426 (50.13%) 3.383% 7.70% 49.80 50.14 16.39
1995 7,491,637 3,734,818 (49.85%) 3,756,829 (50.15%) 0.725% -164,401 -22.342 7.53% 44.96 49.60 20.01
1994 7,372,598 3,674,352 (49.84%) 3,698,240 (50.16%) 0.725% -164,401 -22.342 7.53% 44.96 49.60 20.01
1993 7,315,865 3,644,977 (49.82%) 3,670,887 (50.18%) 0.725% -164,401 -22.342 7.53% 44.96 49.60 20.01
1992 7,295,384 3,633,516 (49.81%) 3,661,864 (50.19%) 0.725% -164,401 -22.342 7.53% 44.96 49.60 20.01
1991 7,274,030 3,621,246 (49.78%) 3,652,780 (50.22%) 0.725% -164,401 -22.342 7.53% 44.96 49.60 20.01
1990 7,225,092 3,594,693 (49.75%) 3,630,396 (50.25%) 1.663% -82,157 -11.844 7.26% 46.38 47.08 18.62
1989 7,133,258 3,546,452 (49.72%) 3,586,811 (50.28%) 1.663% -82,157 -11.844 7.26% 46.38 47.08 18.62
1988 7,005,234 3,479,960 (49.68%) 3,525,266 (50.32%) 1.663% -82,157 -11.844 7.26% 46.38 47.08 18.62
1987 6,862,273 3,405,448 (49.63%) 3,456,819 (50.37%) 1.663% -82,157 -11.844 7.26% 46.38 47.08 18.62
1986 6,736,748 3,338,537 (49.56%) 3,398,214 (50.44%) 1.663% -82,157 -11.844 7.26% 46.38 47.08 18.62
1985 6,648,627 3,288,995 (49.47%) 3,359,633 (50.53%) 1.137% -90,906 -14.062 7.07% 45.48 44.44 19.01
1984 6,614,715 3,264,544 (49.35%) 3,350,169 (50.65%) 1.137% -90,906 -14.062 7.07% 45.48 44.44 19.01
1983 6,618,588 3,257,549 (49.22%) 3,361,045 (50.78%) 1.137% -90,906 -14.062 7.07% 45.48 44.44 19.01
1982 6,608,044 3,244,408 (49.10%) 3,363,632 (50.90%) 1.137% -90,906 -14.062 7.07% 45.48 44.44 19.01
1981 6,511,113 3,192,535 (49.03%) 3,318,580 (50.97%) 1.137% -90,906 -14.062 7.07% 45.48 44.44 19.01
1980 6,281,134 3,080,787 (49.05%) 3,200,351 (50.95%) 9.633% 359,221 70.703 7.00% 43.80 44.21 20.40
1979 5,892,755 2,897,740 (49.17%) 2,995,023 (50.83%) 9.633% 359,221 70.703 7.00% 43.80 44.21 20.40
1978 5,375,017 2,656,582 (49.42%) 2,718,436 (50.58%) 9.633% 359,221 70.703 7.00% 43.80 44.21 20.40
1977 4,802,141 2,390,907 (49.79%) 2,411,227 (50.21%) 9.633% 359,221 70.703 7.00% 43.80 44.21 20.40
1976 4,278,973 2,148,154 (50.20%) 2,130,820 (49.80%) 9.633% 359,221 70.703 7.00% 43.80 44.21 20.40
1975 3,880,292 1,962,129 (50.57%) 1,918,156 (49.43%) 2.382% 7.10% 41.91 46.04 22.24
1974 3,632,990 1,845,026 (50.79%) 1,787,960 (49.21%) 2.382% 7.10% 41.91 46.04 22.24
1973 3,512,623 1,785,745 (50.84%) 1,726,881 (49.16%) 2.382% 7.10% 41.91 46.04 22.24
1972 3,479,790 1,766,379 (50.76%) 1,713,413 (49.24%) 2.382% 7.10% 41.91 46.04 22.24
1971 3,472,367 1,758,674 (50.65%) 1,713,683 (49.35%) 2.382% 7.10% 41.91 46.04 22.24
1970 3,444,568 1,741,838 (50.57%) 1,702,731 (49.43%) 2.312% 382 0.117 7.25% 39.99 46.96 23.98
1969 3,386,738 1,711,448 (50.53%) 1,675,288 (49.47%) 2.312% 382 0.117 7.25% 39.99 46.96 23.98
1968 3,312,742 1,673,791 (50.53%) 1,638,944 (49.47%) 2.312% 382 0.117 7.25% 39.99 46.96 23.98
1967 3,227,841 1,631,270 (50.54%) 1,596,565 (49.46%) 2.312% 382 0.117 7.25% 39.99 46.96 23.98
1966 3,143,648 1,589,186 (50.55%) 1,554,468 (49.45%) 2.312% 382 0.117 7.25% 39.99 46.96 23.98
1965 3,068,459 1,551,306 (50.56%) 1,517,159 (49.44%) 2.148% -266 -0.091 7.25% 37.97 47.36 25.81
1964 3,001,158 1,517,125 (50.55%) 1,484,035 (49.45%) 2.148% -266 -0.091 7.25% 37.97 47.36 25.81
1963 2,936,477 1,484,241 (50.54%) 1,452,237 (49.46%) 2.148% -266 -0.091 7.25% 37.97 47.36 25.81
1962 2,874,218 1,452,559 (50.54%) 1,421,656 (49.46%) 2.148% -266 -0.091 7.25% 37.97 47.36 25.81
1961 2,814,118 1,421,954 (50.53%) 1,392,171 (49.47%) 2.148% -266 -0.091 7.25% 37.97 47.36 25.81
1960 2,755,972 1,392,315 (50.52%) 1,363,652 (49.48%) 2.017% -266 -0.101 7.25% 35.99 47.98 27.72
1959 2,699,617 1,363,578 (50.51%) 1,336,042 (49.49%) 2.017% -266 -0.101 7.25% 35.99 47.98 27.72
1958 2,645,025 1,335,713 (50.50%) 1,309,315 (49.50%) 2.017% -266 -0.101 7.25% 35.99 47.98 27.72
1957 2,592,159 1,308,699 (50.49%) 1,283,455 (49.51%) 2.017% -266 -0.101 7.25% 35.99 47.98 27.72
1956 2,541,016 1,282,543 (50.47%) 1,258,476 (49.53%) 2.017% -266 -0.101 7.25% 35.99 47.98 27.72
1955 2,491,542 1,257,205 (50.46%) 1,234,338 (49.54%) 1.915% 7.25% 33.99 48.88 29.75
1954 2,443,651 1,232,642 (50.44%) 1,211,005 (49.56%) 1.915% 7.25% 33.99 48.88 29.75
1953 2,397,183 1,208,781 (50.43%) 1,188,407 (49.58%) 1.915% 7.25% 33.99 48.88 29.75
1952 2,351,947 1,185,511 (50.41%) 1,166,432 (49.59%) 1.915% 7.25% 33.99 48.88 29.75
1951 2,307,682 1,162,715 (50.38%) 1,144,964 (49.62%) 1.915% 7.25% 33.99 48.88 29.75
1950 2,264,082 1,140,235 (50.36%) 1,123,841 (49.64%) N/A

Population Forecast in Somalia

Date Total Population Females (%) Males (%) Population Growth Net Migration Fertility Rate Life Expectancy Birth Rate Death Rate
2020 15,893,222 7,969,132 (50.14%) 7,924,087 (49.86%) 2.8290% -40,000 6.12% 56.94 41.87 10.94
2021 16,359,504 8,203,567 (50.15%) 8,155,933 (49.85%) 2.9040% -29,999 5.66% 58.34 40.89 10.15
2022 16,841,795 8,446,050 (50.15%) 8,395,755 (49.85%) 2.9040% -29,999 5.66% 58.34 40.89 10.15
2023 17,339,396 8,696,193 (50.15%) 8,643,194 (49.85%) 2.9040% -29,999 5.66% 58.34 40.89 10.15
2024 17,851,263 8,953,502 (50.16%) 8,897,753 (49.84%) 2.9040% -29,999 5.66% 58.34 40.89 10.15
2025 18,376,514 9,217,535 (50.16%) 9,158,984 (49.84%) 2.9040% -29,999 5.66% 58.34 40.89 10.15
2026 18,914,827 9,488,123 (50.16%) 9,426,702 (49.84%) 2.8500% -29,999 5.24% 59.67 39.39 9.42
2027 19,465,987 9,765,171 (50.17%) 9,700,814 (49.83%) 2.8500% -29,999 5.24% 59.67 39.39 9.42
2028 20,029,453 10,048,408 (50.17%) 9,981,045 (49.83%) 2.8500% -29,999 5.24% 59.67 39.39 9.42
2029 20,604,650 10,337,539 (50.17%) 10,267,114 (49.83%) 2.8500% -29,999 5.24% 59.67 39.39 9.42
2030 21,191,037 10,632,283 (50.17%) 10,558,758 (49.83%) 2.8500% -29,999 5.24% 59.67 39.39 9.42
2031 21,788,283 10,932,472 (50.18%) 10,855,802 (49.82%) 2.7190% -29,999 4.84% 60.93 37.18 8.71
2032 22,396,039 11,237,957 (50.18%) 11,158,079 (49.82%) 2.7190% -29,999 4.84% 60.93 37.18 8.71
2033 23,013,818 11,548,479 (50.18%) 11,465,336 (49.82%) 2.7190% -29,999 4.84% 60.93 37.18 8.71
2034 23,641,065 11,863,778 (50.18%) 11,777,290 (49.82%) 2.7190% -29,999 4.84% 60.93 37.18 8.71
2035 24,277,396 12,183,645 (50.19%) 12,093,743 (49.81%) 2.7190% -29,999 4.84% 60.93 37.18 8.71
2036 24,922,542 12,507,969 (50.19%) 12,414,565 (49.81%) 2.5590% -29,999 4.47% 62.12 34.78 8.07
2037 25,576,430 12,836,712 (50.19%) 12,739,710 (49.81%) 2.5590% -29,999 4.47% 62.12 34.78 8.07
2038 26,239,058 13,169,874 (50.19%) 13,069,184 (49.81%) 2.5590% -29,999 4.47% 62.12 34.78 8.07
2039 26,910,541 13,507,500 (50.19%) 13,403,031 (49.81%) 2.5590% -29,999 4.47% 62.12 34.78 8.07
2040 27,590,981 13,849,662 (50.20%) 13,741,324 (49.80%) 2.5590% -29,999 4.47% 62.12 34.78 8.07
2041 28,280,266 14,196,277 (50.20%) 14,083,979 (49.80%) 2.4140% -29,999 4.15% 63.22 32.69 7.56
2042 28,978,405 14,547,397 (50.20%) 14,431,009 (49.80%) 2.4140% -29,999 4.15% 63.22 32.69 7.56
2043 29,685,867 14,903,235 (50.20%) 14,782,629 (49.80%) 2.4140% -29,999 4.15% 63.22 32.69 7.56
2044 30,403,278 15,264,133 (50.21%) 15,139,149 (49.79%) 2.4140% -29,999 4.15% 63.22 32.69 7.56
2045 31,131,086 15,630,325 (50.21%) 15,500,755 (49.79%) 2.4140% -29,999 4.15% 63.22 32.69 7.56
2046 31,869,268 16,001,810 (50.21%) 15,867,458 (49.79%) 2.2980% -29,999 3.88% 64.20 31.05 7.18
2047 32,617,629 16,378,498 (50.21%) 16,239,131 (49.79%) 2.2980% -29,999 3.88% 64.20 31.05 7.18
2048 33,376,074 16,760,349 (50.22%) 16,615,725 (49.78%) 2.2980% -29,999 3.88% 64.20 31.05 7.18
2049 34,144,429 17,147,280 (50.22%) 16,997,140 (49.78%) 2.2980% -29,999 3.88% 64.20 31.05 7.18
2050 34,922,447 17,539,192 (50.22%) 17,383,257 (49.78%) 2.2980% -29,999 3.88% 64.20 31.05 7.18
2051 35,709,927 17,935,966 (50.23%) 17,773,958 (49.77%) 2.1800% -29,999 3.63% 65.14 29.49 6.90
2052 36,506,461 18,337,432 (50.23%) 18,169,029 (49.77%) 2.1800% -29,999 3.63% 65.14 29.49 6.90
2053 37,311,477 18,743,317 (50.23%) 18,568,161 (49.77%) 2.1800% -29,999 3.63% 65.14 29.49 6.90
2054 38,124,202 19,153,257 (50.24%) 18,970,951 (49.76%) 2.1800% -29,999 3.63% 65.14 29.49 6.90
2055 38,943,956 19,566,908 (50.24%) 19,377,053 (49.76%) 2.1800% -29,999 3.63% 65.14 29.49 6.90
2056 39,770,263 19,984,063 (50.25%) 19,786,196 (49.75%) 2.0410% -29,999 3.41% 66.00 27.86 6.73
2057 40,602,639 20,404,480 (50.25%) 20,198,147 (49.75%) 2.0410% -29,999 3.41% 66.00 27.86 6.73
2058 41,440,317 20,827,803 (50.26%) 20,612,512 (49.74%) 2.0410% -29,999 3.41% 66.00 27.86 6.73
2059 42,282,475 21,253,612 (50.27%) 21,028,865 (49.73%) 2.0410% -29,999 3.41% 66.00 27.86 6.73
2060 43,128,361 21,681,558 (50.27%) 21,446,797 (49.73%) 2.0410% -29,999 3.41% 66.00 27.86 6.73
2061 43,977,408 22,111,364 (50.28%) 21,866,045 (49.72%) 1.8870% -29,999 3.22% 66.79 26.20 6.68
2062 44,829,176 22,542,804 (50.29%) 22,286,369 (49.71%) 1.8870% -29,999 3.22% 66.79 26.20 6.68
2063 45,683,182 22,975,655 (50.29%) 22,707,530 (49.71%) 1.8870% -29,999 3.22% 66.79 26.20 6.68
2064 46,539,020 23,409,698 (50.30%) 23,129,327 (49.70%) 1.8870% -29,999 3.22% 66.79 26.20 6.68
2065 47,396,258 23,844,722 (50.31%) 23,551,536 (49.69%) 1.8870% -29,999 3.22% 66.79 26.20 6.68
2066 48,254,521 24,280,541 (50.32%) 23,973,980 (49.68%) 1.7340% -29,999 3.06% 67.53 24.68 6.75
2067 49,113,414 24,716,950 (50.33%) 24,396,459 (49.67%) 1.7340% -29,999 3.06% 67.53 24.68 6.75
2068 49,972,478 25,153,732 (50.34%) 24,818,748 (49.66%) 1.7340% -29,999 3.06% 67.53 24.68 6.75
2069 50,831,302 25,590,665 (50.34%) 25,240,632 (49.66%) 1.7340% -29,999 3.06% 67.53 24.68 6.75
2070 51,689,499 26,027,556 (50.35%) 25,661,939 (49.65%) 1.7340% -29,999 3.06% 67.53 24.68 6.75
2071 52,546,643 26,464,185 (50.36%) 26,082,457 (49.64%) 1.5890% -29,999 2.91% 68.24 23.35 6.90
2072 53,402,505 26,900,443 (50.37%) 26,502,068 (49.63%) 1.5890% -29,999 2.91% 68.24 23.35 6.90
2073 54,257,258 27,336,408 (50.38%) 26,920,852 (49.62%) 1.5890% -29,999 2.91% 68.24 23.35 6.90
2074 55,111,229 27,772,256 (50.39%) 27,338,978 (49.61%) 1.5890% -29,999 2.91% 68.24 23.35 6.90
2075 55,964,547 28,208,047 (50.40%) 27,756,493 (49.60%) 1.5890% -29,999 2.91% 68.24 23.35 6.90
2076 56,817,050 28,643,732 (50.41%) 28,173,327 (49.59%) 1.4620% -29,999 2.79% 68.90 22.25 7.12
2077 57,668,254 29,079,023 (50.42%) 28,589,230 (49.58%) 1.4620% -29,999 2.79% 68.90 22.25 7.12
2078 58,517,530 29,513,619 (50.44%) 29,003,916 (49.56%) 1.4620% -29,999 2.79% 68.90 22.25 7.12
2079 59,364,124 29,947,107 (50.45%) 29,417,019 (49.55%) 1.4620% -29,999 2.79% 68.90 22.25 7.12
2080 60,207,350 30,379,138 (50.46%) 29,828,209 (49.54%) 1.4620% -29,999 2.79% 68.90 22.25 7.12
2081 61,046,754 30,809,484 (50.47%) 30,237,268 (49.53%) 1.3340% -29,999 2.67% 69.53 21.17 7.36
2082 61,882,028 31,237,993 (50.48%) 30,644,039 (49.52%) 1.3340% -29,999 2.67% 69.53 21.17 7.36
2083 62,712,810 31,664,492 (50.49%) 31,048,321 (49.51%) 1.3340% -29,999 2.67% 69.53 21.17 7.36
2084 63,538,756 32,088,818 (50.50%) 31,449,942 (49.50%) 1.3340% -29,999 2.67% 69.53 21.17 7.36
2085 64,359,493 32,510,774 (50.51%) 31,848,718 (49.49%) 1.3340% -29,999 2.67% 69.53 21.17 7.36
2086 65,174,586 32,930,174 (50.53%) 32,244,418 (49.47%) 1.2090% -29,999 2.57% 70.14 20.13 7.60
2087 65,983,539 33,346,749 (50.54%) 32,636,792 (49.46%) 1.2090% -29,999 2.57% 70.14 20.13 7.60
2088 66,785,876 33,760,276 (50.55%) 33,025,594 (49.45%) 1.2090% -29,999 2.57% 70.14 20.13 7.60
2089 67,581,108 34,170,551 (50.56%) 33,410,552 (49.44%) 1.2090% -29,999 2.57% 70.14 20.13 7.60
2090 68,368,715 34,577,328 (50.57%) 33,791,392 (49.43%) 1.2090% -29,999 2.57% 70.14 20.13 7.60
2091 69,148,223 34,980,363 (50.59%) 34,167,856 (49.41%) 1.0840% -29,999 2.47% 70.73 19.12 7.85
2092 69,919,137 35,379,405 (50.60%) 34,539,731 (49.40%) 1.0840% -29,999 2.47% 70.73 19.12 7.85
2093 70,680,972 35,774,190 (50.61%) 34,906,775 (49.39%) 1.0840% -29,999 2.47% 70.73 19.12 7.85
2094 71,433,235 36,164,465 (50.63%) 35,268,773 (49.37%) 1.0840% -29,999 2.47% 70.73 19.12 7.85
2095 72,175,427 36,549,926 (50.64%) 35,625,491 (49.36%) 1.0840% -29,999 2.47% 70.73 19.12 7.85
2096 72,907,011 36,930,325 (50.65%) 35,976,683 (49.35%) 0.9580% -29,999 2.37% 71.30 18.13 8.14
2097 73,627,460 37,305,363 (50.67%) 36,322,096 (49.33%) 0.9580% -29,999 2.37% 71.30 18.13 8.14
2098 74,336,224 37,674,754 (50.68%) 36,661,473 (49.32%) 0.9580% -29,999 2.37% 71.30 18.13 8.14
2099 75,032,746 38,038,217 (50.70%) 36,994,527 (49.30%) 0.9580% -29,999 2.37% 71.30 18.13 8.14
2100 75,716,432 38,395,441 (50.71%) 37,320,988 (49.29%) 0.9580% -29,999 2.37% 71.30 18.13 8.14

Historical Population Estimates and Forecast Charts in Somalia

Population Growth Rate Charts in Somalia

Terminology

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage .
Fertility rate, total (births per woman): the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with age-specific fertility rates of the specified year.
Net migration is the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants, including citizens and noncitizens, for 1 year period. It is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens.
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year.
Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths per 1,000 midyear population. It indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 midyear population. It indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.

Population in all Cities of Somalia

City Population
Mogadishu 2,587,183
Hargeysa 477,876
Berbera 242,344
Kismayo 234,852
Marka 230,100
Jamaame 185,270
Baidoa 129,839
Burao 99,270
Bosaso 74,287
Afgooye 65,461
Gaalkacyo 61,200
Laascaanood 60,100
Garoowe 57,300
Beledweyne 55,410
Qoryooley 51,720
Jawhar 47,086
Jilib 43,694
Baardheere 42,240
Ceerigaabo 33,853
Luuq 33,820
Buurhakaba 27,792
Ceeldheer 26,562
Wanlaweyn 22,022
Baki 20,000
Eyl 18,904
Buulobarde 16,928
Qandala 15,923
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