Madagascar Population in 2020

Current Population in Madagascar (live)

27,763,467

Births Today (live)

154

Births This Year (live)

533,332

Deaths Today (live)

27

Deaths This Year (live)

94,552

Net Migrations Today (live)

0

Net Migrations This Year (live)

-896

Madagascar Land Area

581,800 km2
(224,633 mi2

Population Density (/km2)

47.72 /km2
(18.42 /mi2

Overview on Population Growth in Madagascar

Current Population in Madagascar today, Thursday, 6 August 2020 is 27,763,467 and is projected to reach 28,427,328 at 1 July 2021 according to United Nations data.

In Madagascar, with a births rate equal to 31.42%, deaths rate equal to 6.13% and migration rate equal to -0.051%, the net population is expected to increase by about 736,310 this year, 2021 compared to the last year, 2020.

The migration rate in Madagascar (-0.051%) is negative meaning that more people leave Madagascar to be permanent residents (emigrants) in another country than people moving into it as permanent residents (immigrants) subtracting from the total population in Madagascar.

In Madagascar, a new baby is born every 35 seconds, one person dies every 3 minutes and 19 seconds.

Historical Population Estimates in Madagascar

Date Total Population Females (%) Males (%) Population Growth Net Migration Migration Rate Fertility Rate Life Expectancy Birth Rate Death Rate
2020 27,691,018 13,876,400 (50.11%) 13,814,619 (49.89%) 2.667% -1,500 -0.058 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2019 26,969,307 13,516,377 (50.12%) 13,452,929 (49.88%) 2.667% -1,500 -0.058 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2018 26,262,313 13,163,713 (50.12%) 13,098,600 (49.88%) 2.667% -1,500 -0.058 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2017 25,570,512 12,818,661 (50.13%) 12,751,850 (49.87%) 2.667% -1,500 -0.058 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2016 24,894,370 12,481,481 (50.14%) 12,412,889 (49.86%) 2.667% -1,500 -0.058 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2015 24,234,088 12,152,289 (50.15%) 12,081,791 (49.85%) 2.721% -1,500 -0.066 4.40% 64.50 34.13 6.89
2014 23,589,888 11,831,212 (50.15%) 11,758,685 (49.85%) 2.721% -1,500 -0.066 4.40% 64.50 34.13 6.89
2013 22,961,255 11,517,928 (50.16%) 11,443,331 (49.84%) 2.721% -1,500 -0.066 4.40% 64.50 34.13 6.89
2012 22,346,645 11,211,590 (50.17%) 11,135,051 (49.83%) 2.721% -1,500 -0.066 4.40% 64.50 34.13 6.89
2011 21,743,967 10,911,027 (50.18%) 10,832,943 (49.82%) 2.721% -1,500 -0.066 4.40% 64.50 34.13 6.89
2010 21,151,640 10,615,345 (50.19%) 10,536,295 (49.81%) 2.856% -1,500 -0.076 4.83% 62.23 36.53 7.94
2009 20,569,117 10,324,223 (50.19%) 10,244,892 (49.81%) 2.856% -1,500 -0.076 4.83% 62.23 36.53 7.94
2008 19,996,473 10,037,735 (50.20%) 9,958,741 (49.80%) 2.856% -1,500 -0.076 4.83% 62.23 36.53 7.94
2007 19,433,530 9,755,836 (50.20%) 9,677,684 (49.80%) 2.856% -1,500 -0.076 4.83% 62.23 36.53 7.94
2006 18,880,269 9,478,638 (50.20%) 9,401,627 (49.80%) 2.856% -1,500 -0.076 4.83% 62.23 36.53 7.94
2005 18,336,724 9,206,229 (50.21%) 9,130,493 (49.79%) 3.020% -1,500 -0.088 5.28% 60.02 39.46 9.23
2004 17,802,997 8,938,678 (50.21%) 8,864,314 (49.79%) 3.020% -1,500 -0.088 5.28% 60.02 39.46 9.23
2003 17,279,141 8,675,989 (50.21%) 8,603,150 (49.79%) 3.020% -1,500 -0.088 5.28% 60.02 39.46 9.23
2002 16,765,117 8,418,066 (50.21%) 8,347,056 (49.79%) 3.020% -1,500 -0.088 5.28% 60.02 39.46 9.23
2001 16,260,932 8,164,825 (50.21%) 8,096,108 (49.79%) 3.020% -1,500 -0.088 5.28% 60.02 39.46 9.23
2000 15,766,806 7,916,321 (50.21%) 7,850,485 (49.79%) 3.141% -1,700 -0.116 5.80% 56.68 42.84 11.38
1999 15,282,521 7,672,441 (50.20%) 7,610,083 (49.80%) 3.141% -1,700 -0.116 5.80% 56.68 42.84 11.38
1998 14,808,791 7,433,563 (50.20%) 7,375,228 (49.80%) 3.141% -1,700 -0.116 5.80% 56.68 42.84 11.38
1997 14,347,854 7,200,858 (50.19%) 7,147,002 (49.81%) 3.141% -1,700 -0.116 5.80% 56.68 42.84 11.38
1996 13,902,688 6,975,846 (50.18%) 6,926,851 (49.82%) 3.141% -1,700 -0.116 5.80% 56.68 42.84 11.38
1995 13,475,400 6,759,635 (50.16%) 6,715,768 (49.84%) 3.000% -1,900 -0.152 6.10% 52.66 44.14 14.05
1994 13,066,543 6,552,515 (50.15%) 6,514,029 (49.85%) 3.000% -1,900 -0.152 6.10% 52.66 44.14 14.05
1993 12,675,460 6,354,178 (50.13%) 6,321,291 (49.87%) 3.000% -1,900 -0.152 6.10% 52.66 44.14 14.05
1992 12,301,336 6,164,280 (50.11%) 6,137,058 (49.89%) 3.000% -1,900 -0.152 6.10% 52.66 44.14 14.05
1991 11,942,819 5,982,243 (50.09%) 5,960,566 (49.91%) 3.000% -1,900 -0.152 6.10% 52.66 44.14 14.05
1990 11,598,633 5,807,517 (50.07%) 5,791,130 (49.93%) 2.839% -2,000 -0.185 6.25% 49.91 44.45 15.91
1989 11,268,658 5,640,027 (50.05%) 5,628,626 (49.95%) 2.839% -2,000 -0.185 6.25% 49.91 44.45 15.91
1988 10,952,395 5,479,568 (50.03%) 5,472,828 (49.97%) 2.839% -2,000 -0.185 6.25% 49.91 44.45 15.91
1987 10,647,754 5,325,046 (50.01%) 5,322,707 (49.99%) 2.839% -2,000 -0.185 6.25% 49.91 44.45 15.91
1986 10,352,120 5,175,123 (49.99%) 5,176,994 (50.01%) 2.839% -2,000 -0.185 6.25% 49.91 44.45 15.91
1985 10,063,495 5,028,748 (49.97%) 5,034,745 (50.03%) 2.874% -2,000 -0.213 6.50% 49.66 45.19 16.28
1984 9,780,872 4,885,439 (49.95%) 4,895,430 (50.05%) 2.874% -2,000 -0.213 6.50% 49.66 45.19 16.28
1983 9,504,281 4,745,205 (49.93%) 4,759,078 (50.07%) 2.874% -2,000 -0.213 6.50% 49.66 45.19 16.28
1982 9,234,129 4,608,249 (49.90%) 4,625,888 (50.10%) 2.874% -2,000 -0.213 6.50% 49.66 45.19 16.28
1981 8,971,345 4,475,007 (49.88%) 4,496,332 (50.12%) 2.874% -2,000 -0.213 6.50% 49.66 45.19 16.28
1980 8,716,553 4,345,799 (49.86%) 4,370,750 (50.14%) 2.858% -6,000 -0.737 6.95% 48.08 47.23 17.97
1979 8,469,672 4,220,575 (49.83%) 4,249,102 (50.17%) 2.858% -6,000 -0.737 6.95% 48.08 47.23 17.97
1978 8,230,218 4,099,080 (49.81%) 4,131,134 (50.19%) 2.858% -6,000 -0.737 6.95% 48.08 47.23 17.97
1977 7,998,164 3,981,319 (49.78%) 4,016,838 (50.22%) 2.858% -6,000 -0.737 6.95% 48.08 47.23 17.97
1976 7,773,449 3,867,262 (49.75%) 3,906,190 (50.25%) 2.858% -6,000 -0.737 6.95% 48.08 47.23 17.97
1975 7,556,026 3,756,871 (49.72%) 3,799,161 (50.28%) 2.777% -3,800 -0.538 7.20% 45.97 47.95 19.68
1974 7,345,780 3,650,088 (49.69%) 3,695,685 (50.31%) 2.777% -3,800 -0.538 7.20% 45.97 47.95 19.68
1973 7,142,627 3,546,889 (49.66%) 3,595,745 (50.34%) 2.777% -3,800 -0.538 7.20% 45.97 47.95 19.68
1972 6,946,620 3,447,282 (49.63%) 3,499,337 (50.37%) 2.777% -3,800 -0.538 7.20% 45.97 47.95 19.68
1971 6,757,850 3,351,348 (49.59%) 3,406,505 (50.41%) 2.777% -3,800 -0.538 7.20% 45.97 47.95 19.68
1970 6,576,305 3,259,080 (49.56%) 3,317,225 (50.44%) 2.619% -1,600 -0.259 7.30% 43.53 48.08 21.67
1969 6,401,921 3,170,448 (49.52%) 3,231,472 (50.48%) 2.619% -1,600 -0.259 7.30% 43.53 48.08 21.67
1968 6,234,465 3,085,330 (49.49%) 3,149,138 (50.51%) 2.619% -1,600 -0.259 7.30% 43.53 48.08 21.67
1967 6,073,526 3,003,502 (49.45%) 3,070,027 (50.55%) 2.619% -1,600 -0.259 7.30% 43.53 48.08 21.67
1966 5,918,595 2,924,678 (49.42%) 2,993,914 (50.58%) 2.619% -1,600 -0.259 7.30% 43.53 48.08 21.67
1965 5,769,218 2,848,615 (49.38%) 2,920,600 (50.62%) 2.468% 7.30% 41.17 48.41 23.76
1964 5,625,164 2,775,195 (49.34%) 2,849,969 (50.66%) 2.468% 7.30% 41.17 48.41 23.76
1963 5,486,319 2,704,357 (49.29%) 2,781,962 (50.71%) 2.468% 7.30% 41.17 48.41 23.76
1962 5,352,503 2,636,012 (49.25%) 2,716,485 (50.75%) 2.468% 7.30% 41.17 48.41 23.76
1961 5,223,568 2,570,102 (49.20%) 2,653,459 (50.80%) 2.468% 7.30% 41.17 48.41 23.76
1960 5,099,373 2,506,564 (49.15%) 2,592,804 (50.85%) 2.308% 7.30% 38.75 48.96 25.90
1959 4,979,753 2,445,316 (49.11%) 2,534,430 (50.89%) 2.308% 7.30% 38.75 48.96 25.90
1958 4,864,524 2,386,256 (49.05%) 2,478,264 (50.95%) 2.308% 7.30% 38.75 48.96 25.90
1957 4,753,523 2,329,307 (49.00%) 2,424,224 (51.00%) 2.308% 7.30% 38.75 48.96 25.90
1956 4,646,576 2,274,355 (48.95%) 2,372,224 (51.05%) 2.308% 7.30% 38.75 48.96 25.90
1955 4,543,542 2,221,337 (48.89%) 2,322,203 (51.11%) 2.135% 7.30% 36.32 49.06 27.74
1954 4,444,288 2,170,192 (48.83%) 2,274,095 (51.17%) 2.135% 7.30% 36.32 49.06 27.74
1953 4,348,720 2,120,866 (48.77%) 2,227,858 (51.23%) 2.135% 7.30% 36.32 49.06 27.74
1952 4,256,770 2,073,316 (48.71%) 2,183,445 (51.29%) 2.135% 7.30% 36.32 49.06 27.74
1951 4,168,386 2,027,555 (48.64%) 2,140,833 (51.36%) 2.135% 7.30% 36.32 49.06 27.74
1950 4,083,554 1,983,562 (48.57%) 2,099,986 (51.43%) N/A

Population Forecast in Madagascar

Date Total Population Females (%) Males (%) Population Growth Net Migration Fertility Rate Life Expectancy Birth Rate Death Rate
2020 27,691,018 13,876,400 (50.11%) 13,814,619 (49.89%) 2.6670% -1,500 4.11% 66.49 32.82 6.13
2021 28,427,328 14,243,732 (50.11%) 14,183,601 (49.89%) 2.5840% -1,500 3.85% 68.21 31.42 5.57
2022 29,178,077 14,618,319 (50.10%) 14,559,756 (49.90%) 2.5840% -1,500 3.85% 68.21 31.42 5.57
2023 29,942,607 14,999,834 (50.10%) 14,942,757 (49.90%) 2.5840% -1,500 3.85% 68.21 31.42 5.57
2024 30,720,110 15,387,920 (50.09%) 15,332,197 (49.91%) 2.5840% -1,500 3.85% 68.21 31.42 5.57
2025 31,509,841 15,782,178 (50.09%) 15,727,659 (49.91%) 2.5840% -1,500 3.85% 68.21 31.42 5.57
2026 32,311,430 16,182,458 (50.08%) 16,128,966 (49.92%) 2.4530% -1,500 3.63% 69.70 29.75 5.20
2027 33,124,450 16,588,549 (50.08%) 16,535,899 (49.92%) 2.4530% -1,500 3.63% 69.70 29.75 5.20
2028 33,947,959 16,999,998 (50.08%) 16,947,959 (49.92%) 2.4530% -1,500 3.63% 69.70 29.75 5.20
2029 34,780,863 17,416,278 (50.07%) 17,364,588 (49.93%) 2.4530% -1,500 3.63% 69.70 29.75 5.20
2030 35,622,321 17,836,975 (50.07%) 17,785,337 (49.93%) 2.4530% -1,500 3.63% 69.70 29.75 5.20
2031 36,471,752 18,261,824 (50.07%) 18,209,932 (49.93%) 2.2920% -1,500 3.42% 70.96 27.93 4.99
2032 37,329,006 18,690,737 (50.07%) 18,638,273 (49.93%) 2.2920% -1,500 3.42% 70.96 27.93 4.99
2033 38,194,097 19,123,730 (50.07%) 19,070,362 (49.93%) 2.2920% -1,500 3.42% 70.96 27.93 4.99
2034 39,067,238 19,560,916 (50.07%) 19,506,330 (49.93%) 2.2920% -1,500 3.42% 70.96 27.93 4.99
2035 39,948,586 20,002,354 (50.07%) 19,946,231 (49.93%) 2.2920% -1,500 3.42% 70.96 27.93 4.99
2036 40,837,950 20,447,964 (50.07%) 20,389,991 (49.93%) 2.1450% -1,500 3.25% 72.05 26.37 4.90
2037 41,735,052 20,897,605 (50.07%) 20,837,453 (49.93%) 2.1450% -1,500 3.25% 72.05 26.37 4.90
2038 42,639,745 21,351,198 (50.07%) 21,288,549 (49.93%) 2.1450% -1,500 3.25% 72.05 26.37 4.90
2039 43,551,897 21,808,689 (50.08%) 21,743,205 (49.92%) 2.1450% -1,500 3.25% 72.05 26.37 4.90
2040 44,471,365 22,270,014 (50.08%) 22,201,355 (49.92%) 2.1450% -1,500 3.25% 72.05 26.37 4.90
2041 45,397,909 22,735,039 (50.08%) 22,662,869 (49.92%) 2.0110% -1,500 3.10% 73.03 25.02 4.90
2042 46,331,392 23,203,699 (50.08%) 23,127,698 (49.92%) 2.0110% -1,500 3.10% 73.03 25.02 4.90
2043 47,271,951 23,676,054 (50.08%) 23,595,888 (49.92%) 2.0110% -1,500 3.10% 73.03 25.02 4.90
2044 48,219,792 24,152,227 (50.09%) 24,067,564 (49.91%) 2.0110% -1,500 3.10% 73.03 25.02 4.90
2045 49,174,969 24,632,226 (50.09%) 24,542,738 (49.91%) 2.0110% -1,500 3.10% 73.03 25.02 4.90
2046 50,137,294 25,115,980 (50.09%) 25,021,311 (49.91%) 1.8900% -1,500 2.96% 73.93 23.86 4.95
2047 51,106,347 25,603,246 (50.10%) 25,503,100 (49.90%) 1.8900% -1,500 2.96% 73.93 23.86 4.95
2048 52,081,600 26,093,764 (50.10%) 25,987,835 (49.90%) 1.8900% -1,500 2.96% 73.93 23.86 4.95
2049 53,062,407 26,587,190 (50.11%) 26,475,219 (49.89%) 1.8900% -1,500 2.96% 73.93 23.86 4.95
2050 54,048,128 27,083,190 (50.11%) 26,964,941 (49.89%) 1.8900% -1,500 2.96% 73.93 23.86 4.95
2051 55,038,412 27,581,596 (50.11%) 27,456,818 (49.89%) 1.7650% -1,500 2.84% 74.80 22.70 5.03
2052 56,032,803 28,082,153 (50.12%) 27,950,643 (49.88%) 1.7650% -1,500 2.84% 74.80 22.70 5.03
2053 57,030,612 28,584,531 (50.12%) 28,446,077 (49.88%) 1.7650% -1,500 2.84% 74.80 22.70 5.03
2054 58,031,035 29,088,316 (50.13%) 28,942,723 (49.87%) 1.7650% -1,500 2.84% 74.80 22.70 5.03
2055 59,033,379 29,593,154 (50.13%) 29,440,226 (49.87%) 1.7650% -1,500 2.84% 74.80 22.70 5.03
2056 60,037,129 30,098,786 (50.13%) 29,938,348 (49.87%) 1.6340% -1,500 2.73% 75.60 21.53 5.17
2057 61,041,884 30,604,988 (50.14%) 30,436,893 (49.86%) 1.6340% -1,500 2.73% 75.60 21.53 5.17
2058 62,047,287 31,111,589 (50.14%) 30,935,694 (49.86%) 1.6340% -1,500 2.73% 75.60 21.53 5.17
2059 63,053,049 31,618,435 (50.15%) 31,434,607 (49.85%) 1.6340% -1,500 2.73% 75.60 21.53 5.17
2060 64,058,826 32,125,354 (50.15%) 31,933,472 (49.85%) 1.6340% -1,500 2.73% 75.60 21.53 5.17
2061 65,064,224 32,632,132 (50.15%) 32,432,098 (49.85%) 1.5080% -1,500 2.63% 76.40 20.44 5.34
2062 66,068,827 33,138,544 (50.16%) 32,930,279 (49.84%) 1.5080% -1,500 2.63% 76.40 20.44 5.34
2063 67,072,270 33,644,401 (50.16%) 33,427,873 (49.84%) 1.5080% -1,500 2.63% 76.40 20.44 5.34
2064 68,074,252 34,149,529 (50.17%) 33,924,713 (49.83%) 1.5080% -1,500 2.63% 76.40 20.44 5.34
2065 69,074,422 34,653,751 (50.17%) 34,420,677 (49.83%) 1.5080% -1,500 2.63% 76.40 20.44 5.34
2066 70,072,384 35,156,842 (50.17%) 34,915,540 (49.83%) 1.3870% -1,500 2.54% 77.17 19.44 5.55
2067 71,067,761 35,658,596 (50.18%) 35,409,156 (49.82%) 1.3870% -1,500 2.54% 77.17 19.44 5.55
2068 72,060,247 36,158,845 (50.18%) 35,901,405 (49.82%) 1.3870% -1,500 2.54% 77.17 19.44 5.55
2069 73,049,586 36,657,400 (50.18%) 36,392,191 (49.82%) 1.3870% -1,500 2.54% 77.17 19.44 5.55
2070 74,035,480 37,154,083 (50.18%) 36,881,391 (49.82%) 1.3870% -1,500 2.54% 77.17 19.44 5.55
2071 75,017,578 37,648,710 (50.19%) 37,368,867 (49.81%) 1.2720% -1,500 2.46% 77.94 18.52 5.78
2072 75,995,419 38,141,022 (50.19%) 37,854,389 (49.81%) 1.2720% -1,500 2.46% 77.94 18.52 5.78
2073 76,968,396 38,630,723 (50.19%) 38,337,672 (49.81%) 1.2720% -1,500 2.46% 77.94 18.52 5.78
2074 77,935,870 39,117,479 (50.19%) 38,818,387 (49.81%) 1.2720% -1,500 2.46% 77.94 18.52 5.78
2075 78,897,228 39,600,989 (50.19%) 39,296,238 (49.81%) 1.2720% -1,500 2.46% 77.94 18.52 5.78
2076 79,852,051 40,081,020 (50.19%) 39,771,035 (49.81%) 1.1580% -1,500 2.38% 78.71 17.62 6.03
2077 80,800,013 40,557,394 (50.19%) 40,242,623 (49.81%) 1.1580% -1,500 2.38% 78.71 17.62 6.03
2078 81,740,668 41,029,868 (50.20%) 40,710,798 (49.80%) 1.1580% -1,500 2.38% 78.71 17.62 6.03
2079 82,673,586 41,498,194 (50.20%) 41,175,402 (49.80%) 1.1580% -1,500 2.38% 78.71 17.62 6.03
2080 83,598,401 41,962,166 (50.19%) 41,636,234 (49.81%) 1.1580% -1,500 2.38% 78.71 17.62 6.03
2081 84,514,680 42,421,567 (50.19%) 42,093,114 (49.81%) 1.0470% -1,500 2.30% 79.45 16.78 6.29
2082 85,422,117 42,876,220 (50.19%) 42,545,897 (49.81%) 1.0470% -1,500 2.30% 79.45 16.78 6.29
2083 86,320,593 43,326,049 (50.19%) 42,994,544 (49.81%) 1.0470% -1,500 2.30% 79.45 16.78 6.29
2084 87,210,094 43,771,043 (50.19%) 43,439,056 (49.81%) 1.0470% -1,500 2.30% 79.45 16.78 6.29
2085 88,090,484 44,211,098 (50.19%) 43,879,386 (49.81%) 1.0470% -1,500 2.30% 79.45 16.78 6.29
2086 88,961,545 44,646,121 (50.19%) 44,315,423 (49.81%) 0.9430% -1,500 2.23% 80.20 15.99 6.54
2087 89,822,873 45,075,891 (50.18%) 44,746,984 (49.82%) 0.9430% -1,500 2.23% 80.20 15.99 6.54
2088 90,673,987 45,500,167 (50.18%) 45,173,818 (49.82%) 0.9430% -1,500 2.23% 80.20 15.99 6.54
2089 91,514,308 45,918,681 (50.18%) 45,595,627 (49.82%) 0.9430% -1,500 2.23% 80.20 15.99 6.54
2090 92,343,355 46,331,191 (50.17%) 46,012,165 (49.83%) 0.9430% -1,500 2.23% 80.20 15.99 6.54
2091 93,160,765 46,737,529 (50.17%) 46,423,244 (49.83%) 0.8410% -1,500 2.17% 80.94 15.21 6.78
2092 93,966,292 47,137,569 (50.16%) 46,828,720 (49.84%) 0.8410% -1,500 2.17% 80.94 15.21 6.78
2093 94,759,754 47,531,236 (50.16%) 47,228,522 (49.84%) 0.8410% -1,500 2.17% 80.94 15.21 6.78
2094 95,540,984 47,918,459 (50.15%) 47,622,535 (49.85%) 0.8410% -1,500 2.17% 80.94 15.21 6.78
2095 96,309,808 48,299,157 (50.15%) 48,010,656 (49.85%) 0.8410% -1,500 2.17% 80.94 15.21 6.78
2096 97,065,973 48,673,230 (50.14%) 48,392,753 (49.86%) 0.7430% -1,500 2.10% 81.66 14.48 7.03
2097 97,809,197 49,040,545 (50.14%) 48,768,652 (49.86%) 0.7430% -1,500 2.10% 81.66 14.48 7.03
2098 98,539,112 49,400,958 (50.13%) 49,138,156 (49.87%) 0.7430% -1,500 2.10% 81.66 14.48 7.03
2099 99,255,312 49,754,286 (50.13%) 49,501,029 (49.87%) 0.7430% -1,500 2.10% 81.66 14.48 7.03
2100 99,957,337 50,100,334 (50.12%) 49,857,006 (49.88%) 0.7430% -1,500 2.10% 81.66 14.48 7.03

Historical Population Estimates and Forecast Charts in Madagascar

Population Growth Rate Charts in Madagascar

Terminology

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage .
Fertility rate, total (births per woman): the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with age-specific fertility rates of the specified year.
Net migration is the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants, including citizens and noncitizens, for 1 year period. It is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens.
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. It reflects the overall mortality level of a population, and summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups in a given year.
Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths per 1,000 midyear population. It indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.
Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 midyear population. It indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.

Population in all Cities of Madagascar

City Population
Antananarivo 1,391,433
Toamasina 206,373
Antsirabe 186,253
Fianarantsoa 167,227
Mahajanga 154,657
Toliara 115,319
Antsiranana 82,937
Antanifotsy 70,626
Ambovombe 66,818
Ambilobe 56,000
Amparafaravola 51,519
Tolanaro 45,141
Ambatondrazaka 43,134
Mananara 41,209
Soavinandriana 40,453
Mahanoro 39,879
Soanierana Ivongo 39,271
Faratsiho 37,563
Nosy Varika 37,152
Vavatenina 36,916
Morondava 36,803
Amboasary 36,082
Manakara 35,499
Antalaha 34,112
Ikongo 32,374
Antsohimbondrona 32,080
Manjakandriana 31,840
Sambava 31,522
Fandriana 31,437
Marovoay 31,253
Betioky 31,102
Ambanja 30,621
Ambositra 30,353
Tsiombe 29,825
Betafo 29,785
Moramanga 29,212
Ambatolampy 28,461
Ambalavao 28,027
Sahavato 28,000
Mananjary 27,686
Tsiroanomandidy 27,060
Miandrarivo 27,000
Vohipaho 27,000
Marolambo 26,160
Ambatofinandrahana 25,997
Ankazoabo 25,961
Ampanihy 25,686
Vohibinany 25,311
Ampahana 25,000
Farafangana 24,764
Maevatanana 24,000
Belo sur Tsiribihina 23,900
Maroantsetra 23,859
Vangaindrano 23,523
Beloha 23,021
Hell-Ville 22,680
Ambato Boeny 22,529
Arivonimamo 21,982
Sakaraha 21,826
Antsohihy 21,290
Fenoarivo Atsinanana 21,036
Ampasimanolotra 21,000
Sitampiky 21,000
Soanindrariny 21,000
Andapa 20,798
Miandrivazo 20,631
Vondrozo 19,949
Andilamena 19,750
Fenoarivo Be 19,605
Anjozorobe 19,027
Beroroha 18,632
Ifanadiana 17,543
Amboanjo 17,000
Ambohitrolomahitsy 17,000
Sadabe 17,000
Ihosy 16,990
Bealanana 16,948
Tsaratanana 16,761
Ambarakaraka 16,114
Alarobia 16,000
Ankazondandy 16,000
Maintirano 16,000
Ankazobe 15,722
Ikalamavony 15,601
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